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Coronavirus Pandemic: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Preventive Measures to Keep You Safe

Mar 13, 2020 | 4 months ago | Read Time: 5 minutes | By iKnowledge Team
Coronavirus Symptoms, Diagnosis & Preventive Measures

What is Coronavirus?

Coronavirus is a group of RNA viruses that cause various illnesses in human beings. The term is derived from the Latin word for crown, corona, because of the crown-like structural characteristic of these viruses. Towards the end of 2019, a new strain of corona virus was detected in Wuhan, China.

  Total Cases Deaths Recovered
World
3,932,626
271,024
1,349,138
India 56,516 1,895 16,867

The newest strain of corona virus is proving to be more fatal than expected. With over 90,000 cases of infection recorded worldwide, and with over 3,000 deaths across the globe this virus, dubbed COVID-19, has resulted in a pandemic that shows no signs of subsiding. Two new cases of the virus have been reported in India, in New Delhi and in Telangana. As the virus spreads between countries rapidly, it’s important to take measures that can help protect and prevent any infection with COVID-19.

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What are the symptoms of COVID-19 infection?

Symptoms of the coronavirus can appear in as few as 2 days after infection, or as late as 14 days after. The milder symptoms include:

  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • As the infection progresses, it causes breathing difficulties.

In the worst cases, COVID-19 leads to pneumonia-like symptoms and ultimately causes organ failure, which proves to be fatal.

How is it diagnosed?

Like all viral infections, a blood test, saliva test, or a tissue sample is used to diagnose a COVID-19 infection. Recent research also points to new findings, which reveal that a Computed Tomography (CT) scan could outperform lab testing in diagnosing the virus.

Precautions

Coronavirus Precautions

The World Health Organization (WHO) has issued a public advisory to help people adopt preventive measures in the event of an outbreak. Keeping yourself updated about these tips and techniques as it can protect your life and the life of your loved ones. So, let’s look at some advice on how to protect yourself from the coronavirus.

  • Wash your hands thoroughly

The coronavirus spreads through droplets of saliva or mucus, which are released into the air when someone coughs or sneezes. Touching any surface that may contain these droplets could increase your risk of exposure to the virus. So, one of the best ways of preventing coronavirus infections is to wash your hands thoroughly as soon as you get back home.

WHO recommends washing your hands with an alcohol-based rub or with soap and water. Ideally, you need to wash your hands for a minimum of 20 seconds in order to thoroughly sanitize them, as per the recommendations of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Having a tough time keeping track of 20 seconds each time you wash your hands? There’s another simple solution to this; you only have to hum the Happy Birthday song twice.

  • Be prudent about international travel

It’s no secret that some countries pose a greater risk of exposure to COVID-19 than others. International travel could, therefore, increase your risk of being infected. Take the two new cases diagnosed in India recently. The patient in New Delhi has a travel history involving Italy, while the patient from Telangana had been to Dubai.

So, one of the most effective preventive measures you can take right now is to avoid international travel as much as possible. The CDC has issued a travel advisory assigning various levels of risks to different destinations, with level 1 being the lowest and level 4, the highest. If you must travel abroad, look up the risks in your destination country before heading there.

  • Make respiratory hygiene a habit

Since COVID-19 spreads mainly through respiratory fluids, practicing respiratory hygiene is an effective method of preventing coronavirus infections. As per the WHO’s advisory, it’s essential that you use the crook of your arm or a tissue paper to cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. Get rid of the tissue immediately to prevent any infections to people around you.

You also need to avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with your hands unless you’ve washed them thoroughly. This is because droplets from anyone infected could land on surfaces of doorknobs, benches, and other objects. If you accidentally come in contact with these droplets, you could risk infection. 

  • Maintain a safe distance from anyone who appears sick

Indicators of infection with the COVID-19 virus include coughing and flu-like symptoms. So, if you’re part of a social gathering and you notice that someone in the crowd appears to be displaying these symptoms, it’s best to keep a safe distance from them. WHO suggests maintaining a distance of at least 3 feet, so you can avoid coming into contact with infected droplets.

Since this novel strain of coronavirus can even be transmitted before an infected person displays symptoms, it’s prudent to always maintain a safe distance from everyone in a public space. Cover your nose and mouth with a napkin if you cannot wear a mask due to the nature of the gathering and ensure that you practice general hygiene.

10 Ways to Keep Yourself Safe from Coronavirus?

Coronavirus Prevention

Conclusion

It’s important to not panic, because anxiety will only make it less easy for you to actively take measures to keep yourself and your family safe. And now that you know more about how to protect yourself from the coronavirus, pass the knowledge on to your family and friends. The more careful we are as a society, the less each individual’s risk of infection becomes.

In addition to these preventive measures, you can also secure the future of your family by investing in a life insurance plan. Many life and term plans also come with added rider options that enhance the cover offered. The iTerm plan from Aegon Life, for instance, comes with three plan options, some of which include terminal illness benefits and critical illness covers. Investing in a term plan like this and adopting healthy and hygienic habits can together go a long way in securing your future and the future of your family in these difficult times.

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