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What You Need to Know About Bronchial Asthma?

Aug 10, 2018 | 2 years ago | Read Time: 3 minutes | By iKnowledge Team

There are over 30 crore asthmatic patients across the globe, and what’s alarming is that a tenth of that population comprises of Indians. Other than India, an increasing number of countries are witnessing a rise in bronchial asthma, particularly among children. A number of possibilities can be attributed as to why, including the most common one – air pollution. Here is what you need to know about bronchial asthma, reasons behind it and what you can do to protect yourself and your children.

What Is Bronchial Asthma?

Bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways causing cough, wheezing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath.

Types of Bronchial Asthma

  • Mainly allergic – associated with occurrence of specified allergens, such as certain foods (citrus, chocolate, milk, nuts, etc.), domestic and library dust, pollen, animal hair. Children who develop allergies early in childhood resulting in bronchial asthma have increased sensitivity to domestic factors (for example, cleaning products, detergents, etc.)
  • Non-allergic – related to non-allergic factors (for example, hormonal changes in women during menstruation). This form also includes the so-called idiosyncratic (or aspirin-induced) asthma manifesting in intolerance to aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs medications containing tartrazine as dye, It could result in symptoms like (asthma attacks, dry cough, shortness of breath with difficulties with exhaling) and polyp formation (benign soft tissue) in nasal cavity
  • Mixed – combines features of two above-mentioned forms
  • Cough asthma – this type of asthma manifests only in coughing attacks, without shortness of breath and suffocation.

Symptoms of a Bronchial Asthma Attack

  • Severe wheezing
  • Continuous coughing
  • Continuous feeling of panting
  • Chest tightness
  • Retractions in the neck and chest
  • Difficulty in talking
  • Anxiety or panic
  • Pale and sweaty face
  • Blue lips or fingernails
  • Worsening of symptoms despite medications

First Aid For Asthma Attack

  • Calm and seat the patient
  • Provide fresh air
  • Tilt the head or chin lightly to open the airway Ensure the patient inhales 1 – 2 doses of the medicated bronchodilator inhaler
  • If symptoms do not subside in 5 – 10 minutes, repeat inhalation of bronchodilator

What to Stay Away From

  • Smoking or secondhand smoke
  • Allergens like pollen, mold and dust
  • Heavy exercises that can strain breathing
  • Air pollution and toxins
  • Extreme changes in weather
  • Drugs like aspirin, NSAIDs, and beta-blockers
  • Food additives like MSG
  • Stress

Asthma Complications and Consequences

If left without treatment, bronchial asthma could result in grave complications that could affect health in the future. Here are some complications you need to know.

  • Respiratory insufficiency
  • Status asthmaticus – the most serious complication, manifested in long protracted asthma attack. If left untreated, can be fatal.
  • Pneumothorax – accumulation of air in pleural cavity due to lung rupture
  • Pulmonary heart disease: failure of the right heart ventricle to perform its function.
  • Pulmonary emphysema: alveoli expansion (air passages bubbles, in which gas exchange is performed), destruction of membranes between them with excess air retention in lungs.

Since bronchial asthma is considered a chronic condition, its treatment could be lifelong and could be a financial drain on patients. In some cases, certain incidents could call for the use of emergency care, including hospital admission. To cover such demands, consider a health insurance policy to provide significant help in reducing out-of-pocket expenses.

Consider these points while looking for insurance plans:

  • Take into account the terms and conditions to know about inclusions and exclusions.
  • Insurance plans are mostly renewed on a yearly basis. However, there may be some plans that come with a lifelong renewability, depending on the insurance provider.
  • The policyholder’s age plays an important role in calculating insurance premiums. Hence, experts recommend purchasing a plan at the earliest.
  • Know more on the ratio of claims settled by the insurance company.

If you have a family member with bronchial asthma:

  • A health insurance plan can provide financial coverage. This allows you to attend to your loved one without worrying about financial liabilities.
  • Look for riders that provide income protection. Health plans come with helpful riders to your aid when you need them the most.


A health insurance policy provides you with financial coverage which allows you to focus completely on your child while it takes care of medical bills.

To know about AegonLife’s life insurance products and other products like ULIPs, visit our home page.

Advt. no.: IA/Jul 2018/4260

To know about AegonLife’s life insurance products like term insurance plans and other products like health insurance, visit our home page.


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